• Creative Problem Solving

    Powerful tools for 21st Century thinking

    21st Century learners need 21st Century teachers, curriculum, and instruction. Our work is contemporary - but we also build on more than five decades of research, development, and field experience worldwide.

    Read moreDistance Learning

  • Talent Development

    Building Students' Strengths and Talents

    As an individual, a parent, an educator, or a community leader, one of the most exciting challenges for anyone is to become aware of personal strengths and talents— their own or in others.

    Read moreFree Resources

  • Problem Solving Styles

    Unique Personal and Team Strengths

    Problem-solving styles are consistent individual differences in the ways people prefer to deal with new ideas, manage change, and respond effectively to complex, open-ended opportunities and challenges.

    Read moreFree Resources

View a variety of our creative problem solving print materials.

Our VIEW programs and services are custom-tailored to meet your needs and interests. We will confer with you, create a complete proposal to meet your unique needs, and work closely with you to carry out our collaborative plan.

We will draw on our team of highly experienced professionals, each of whom bring many years of successful educational and professional development experience to their work.  (To meet the members of Center’s leadership and development team, click here.)

Our workshops, training, and consulting services on VIEW include:

In relation to Problem-Solving Style, we can provide:

  • Conference presentations
    We can provide keynote presentations, breakout sessions, and pre- or post-conference special workshops for state or province, regional, national, or international conferences. These can include the opportunity for your participants to respond to the VIEW assessment prior to the program and receive their personal report of results at the session.

  • Workshops and Hands-On, Minds-on Training
    Our team can develop highly engaging, active workshops as  a one-half day overview,  a full-day program, or an extended program linking style with CPS tools, talent development, or differentiation of instruction. We can offer these programs at your site, or in Melbourne, Florida.

  • VIEW User Qualification Program
    We also offer, through “in person” or a distance learning model, the VIEW User Qualification Program to enable leader(s) from your organization to access and use the VIEW inventory.

Here you will find a number of free resources that will explain more about problem-solving style, to obtain articles that deal with both research and practice, and to obtain a bibliography to give you direction for future reading and study.

VIEW Technical Updates

These PDF files provide additional technical information about VIEW:

Bibliography

You can also download an extensive bibliography of published work on problem solving style.

Journal Article Reprints

(for personal use only)

Understanding individual problem-solving style: A key to learning and applying creative problem solving
This article from Learning and Individual Differences summarizes recent studies and reports new data supporting the conclusion that individual style differences provide an important key to understanding the interaction of person, process, product, and press when managing change.

An Exploratory Study of the Relationships between an Assessment of Problem Solving Style and Creative Problem Solving
This article (2007) from the Korean Journal of Thinking and Problem Solving summarizes a research project on the relationships between VIEW’s styles and various CPS components, stages, and tools.

Defining and Assessing Problem- Solving Style: Design and Development of a New Tool
In this 2004 from the Journal of Creative Behavior, we review the development of the VIEW model and instrument and describe the model’s three dimensions and six styles.

Innovative Leadership in Today's Demanding Marketplace: Applications of VIEW in the World of Business
A report of case studies of VIEW applications in various business settings.

Problem Solving Style: A New Approach to Understanding and Using Individual Differences
This article (2004) from the Korean Journal of Thinking and Problem Solving summarizes VIEW’s styles and discusses their implications for instruction and training.

Problem Solving Style: A New Approach to Understanding and Using Individual Differences
This brief article published on Patent Café Online Magazine describes VIEW and relates it to implications for inventing and inventive thinking.

Problem-solving styles are consistent individual differences in the ways people prefer to deal with new ideas, manage change, and respond effectively to complex, open-ended opportunities and challenges. 


Knowledge of style is important in education in a number of ways. It contributes to adults’ ability to work together effectively in teams and in large groups.  It provides information that helps educators understand their own personal strengths and how to put them to work as effectively as possible across many tasks and challenges. It helps educators communicate more effectively with each other, but also with parents, community members, and, of course, with students.  In addition to its importance for adults, style can also be important in designing and differentiating instruction.

The VIEW Model

Our approach to problem solving style (the VIEW model) represents and assesses three dimensions and six specific styles that are unique and important in understanding and guiding the efforts of individuals and groups to manage their creative problem solving and change management as effectively as possible.

Orientation to Change

The first VIEW dimension involves your preferences in two general styles for managing change and solving problems creatively. We identify this as “Orientation to Change;” its two contrasting styles are the “Explorer” and the “Developer.” Explorers thrive on and seek out novelty and original ideas (“thinking out of the box”), and they may find externally imposed procedures and structures confining and limiting to their imagination and energy. Developers are concerned with practical applications and the reality of the task, and they use their creative and critical thinking in ways that are clearly recognized by others as being helpful and valuable. They’re good at finding workable possibilities and guiding them to successful implementation. They are creative in “thinking better inside the box.”

Manner of Processing

The second dimension of VIEW, Manner of Processing describes the person’s preference for working externally (i.e., with other people throughout the process) or internally (i.e., thinking and working alone before sharing ideas with others) when managing change and solving problems.

Ways of Deciding

The third dimension of VIEW describes the major emphasis the person gives to people (i.e., maintaining harmony and interpersonal relationships) or to tasks (i.e., emphasizing logical, rational, and appropriate decisions) when making decisions during problem solving or when managing change.

Through our research and development efforts, our instrument, VIEW: An Assessment of Problem Solving Style, translates the VIEW model of style into measurable dimensions. The VIEW assessment is a practical and useful tool for anyone who wishes to understand his or her own approach to change or problem solving. Contact us for more information about the VIEW instrument.

Practical Applications of VIEW

Understanding problem solving styles can be helpful in many ways to individuals, teams, small groups, and organizations. VIEW: An Assessment of Problem Solving Style is a carefully researched, but simple and easy-to-use tool that can enable people to understand their style preferences and to use that knowledge in many powerful ways. 

These pages illustrate briefly a variety of practical applications of the VIEW assessment that cut across many settings or contexts (including, for example: large, global organizations; smaller business and professional settings; educational institutions, hospitals, religious organizations, arts organizations, or other non-profits). 

VIEW can be a valuable tool for individuals who are concerned with understanding their personal style preferences and improving their problem solving effectiveness, for teams or groups who need to work together successfully, and to organizations in their efforts to build a constructive work climate, to recognize and value diversity, and to manage change for long-term success. 

Click on any of the following ten applications of VIEW to see examples for that area. (You may also click here to Download a PDF file with all the applications examples in one file.)

Free Resources

Click here to find a number of free resources that will explain CPS, to obtain articles that deal with both research and practice, and to obtain an extensive bibliography to give you direction for future reading and study.

Online Resources:

Click here for advanced online resources in PDF format that deal with applications of the VIEW Problem Solving Style model. These resources are available at a reasonable cost for immediate download. The cost of each one includes permission to duplicate the file for up to three other individuals at no additional charge.

Distance Learning Resources:

Click here for information about our extensive (newly revised and updated) distance learning modules on CPS.

Print Resources:

We also have print publications about problem-solving style that you can purchase.  Click here to view those publications.

Workshops, Training, Consulting Services:

Our CPS programs and services are custom-tailored to meet your needs and interests. We will confer with you, create a complete proposal to meet your unique needs, and work closely with you to carry out our collaborative plan. Click here for more.

Who We Are

We believe that all people have strengths and talents that are important to recognize, develop, and use throughout life.  Read more.

Leadership Team

Our work builds on more than five decades of research, development, and practical experience in organizations. Learn more about our team.

Contact Information

Center for Creative Learning, LLC
2015 Grant Place
Melbourne, Florida, 32901 USA
Email: info@creativelearning.com