• Creative Problem Solving

    Powerful tools for 21st Century thinking

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    As an individual, a parent, an educator, or a community leader, one of the most exciting challenges for anyone is to become aware of personal strengths and talents— their own or in others.

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  • Problem Solving Styles

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    Problem-solving styles are consistent individual differences in the ways people prefer to deal with new ideas, manage change, and respond effectively to complex, open-ended opportunities and challenges.

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Test Number 1
Title A Childhood Attitude Inventory for Problem Solving
Author Covington, M. V.
Category Self-Report Inventory
Copyright Date 1967
Availability Contact Author
Age/Grade Level Upper Elementary
Cost Contact Author
Source Contact Author
Address Dr. Martin V. Covington, Psychology Dept., University of California, Berkeley, CA.
web or e-mail  
Definition Creativity is approached as involving novel or unusual ideas in the context of solving open-ended and ambiguous or ill-defined problems.
Purposes Designed to assess the student’s attitudes toward problem-solving and his/her self-concept as a creative problem solver. Originally designed to support research on the effectiveness of the Productive Thinking Program.
Characteristics Generating Ideas Openness and Courage to Explore Ideas Listening to One's Inner Voice

Poor No manual

Poor None reported

Fair Stability over 5 weeks with 325 subjects was reported as .69 for Scale I and .65 for Scale II.

Fair Designed for group administration. The format is paper and pencil using true/false, and yes/no answers.

Fair Scale I reports the child’s attitudes toward solving open-ended or ill-structured problems. Scale II reports the child’s self-confidence as a creative problem solver.

Poor Not addressed

Reviews & Related Lit
The instrument has been used in several published experimental studies of the effectiveness of the Productive Thinking Program, including studies by researchers other than the program’s developers. Training in methods of solving open-ended, ill-defined problems was reported in several studies as producing significant gains in attitudes as measured by this instrument.

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