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Test Number 8
Title Barron-Welsh Art Scale
Author Barron, F.; Welsh, G. W.
Category Test
Copyright Date 1987
Availability Publisher
Restrictions  
Age/Grade Level Age 6-adult
Cost As of 2001: $25 per sampler set; $125 per permission set.
Forms  
Source Mind Garden, Inc.
Address 1690 Woodside Road #202 Redwood City, CA 094061
Phone 650-261-3500
Fax 650-261-3505
web or e-mail www.mindgarden.com
Definition The author believes that a relationship exists between creativity and intelligence. This leads to a description that includes many elements of style.
Purposes To provide a non-language assessment of personality.
Characteristics Openness and Courage to Explore Ideas

Manual
Good The manual presents a discussion of administration and scoring, a description of the test, its purposes and advantages, development, validity, reliability, definitions, and research suggestions. It seems well organized and clearly written for the trained

Validity
Good “The BW scale was derived by comparing the frequencies of responses of 37 artists and art students with those of 150 people-in-general. A scale of 65 items all showing marked differences in preferences for the two groups was selected.” (1959 manual) Vali

Reliability
Good Stability over one year N=32 gifted adolescents ranged from .29 to .79 on the various scales. Internal consistence ranged from .84 to .92, however a description of the size and nature of the subject pool is not provided.

Utility
Good The instrument seems fairly easy to administer and score. It consists of 86 items from the Welsh figure preference Test. The subject responds to black and white drawings like or dislike for each item. It can be used with groups or individuals by any professional. It is untimed.

Interpretation
Good The manual cites studies in which the scores are applied in different settings. There is extensive factor analysis. It is not clear how the scores could be applied in assessing a student’s level of creativity.

Propriety
Poor While possible uses of the scores are described possible miss-applications seem absent. Research with different gender, age, SES, and cultural groups is included.

Reviews & Related Lit
CCL: The manual includes an extensive list of references. Before being used as a screening device for creative potential, or as one instrument in a recommended battery, more focused research is called for. Barron, F. (1953a). Complexity-simplicity as a personality dimension. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 68, 163-172. Barron, F. (1953b). Some personality correlates of independence of judgment. Journal of Personality, 21, 289-297. Barron, F. (1955). The disposition towards originality. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 51, 478-485. Barron, F. (1957). Originality in relation to personality and intellect. Journal of Personality, 25, 730-742. Barron, F. (1958). The psychology of imagination. Scientific American, 199, 151-166. Barron, F. (1963a). Creativity and psychological health: origins of personality and creative freedom . Princeton, NJ: Van Nostrand. Barron, F. (1963b). The needs for order and for disorder as motivation in creative activity. In C. W. Taylor, & F. Barron (Ed.), Scientific creativity: its recognition and development (pp. 6). New York: Wiley. Barron, F. (1969). Creative person and creative process. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston. Barron, F. (1972a). Travels in search of new latitudes for innovation. In C. W. Taylor (Ed.), Climate for creativity (pp. 49-62). New York: Pergamon. Barron, F. (1972b). Artists in the making. NY: Seminar Press. Barron, F., & Harrington, D. M. (1981). Creativity, intelligence, and personality. Annual Review of Psychology, 32, 439-476. Barron, F. (1953a). Complexity-simplicity as a personality dimension. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 68, 163-172. Barron, F. (1953b). Some personality correlates of independence of judgment. Journal of Personality, 21, 289-297. Barron, F. (1955). The disposition towards originality. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 51, 478-485. Barron, F. (1957). Originality in relation to personality and intellect. Journal of Personality, 25, 730-742. Barron, F. (1958). The psychology of imagination. Scientific American, 199, 151-166. Barron, F. (1963a). Creativity and psychological health: origins of personality and creative freedom . Princeton, NJ: Van Nostrand. Barron, F. (1963b). The needs for order and for disorder as motivation in creative activity. In C. W. Taylor, & F. Barron (Ed.), Scientific creativity: its recognition and development (pp. 6). New York: Wiley. Barron, F. (1969). Creative person and creative process. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston. Barron, F. (1972a). Travels in search of new latitudes for innovation. In C. W. Taylor (Ed.), Climate for creativity (pp. 49-62). New York: Pergamon. Barron, F. (1972b). Artists in the making. NY: Seminar Press. Barron, F., & Harrington, D. M. (1981). Creativity, intelligence, and personality. Annual Review of Psychology, 32, 439-476.


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