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Assessing Creativity Test 67

Test Number 67
Title The Gross Geometric Forms Test for Children
Author Gross, R. B.; Green, B. L.; Gleser, G. C.
Category Test
Copyright Date 1982
Availability Out of print
Restrictions  
Age/Grade Level Ages 3-12
Cost No current information
Forms  
Source No current information. Out of print
Address  
Phone  
Fax  
web or e-mail  
Definition “Ultimately, however a person is judged creative by his/her productions.”- manual Creativity includes the ability to produce constructions and their names; communicability based on the degree to which the construction and name match; and the richness of thinking based on elaborations in action, color and embellishment.
Purposes This is an experimental method for assessing creativity in a visual-pictorial medium. The goal is to develop a means of objectively measuring creativity in children that is age-appropriate using a task which circumvents problems of inequality in motor dev
Characteristics Generating Ideas Openness and Courage to Explore Ideas Listening to One's Inner Voice Digging Deeper into Ideas

Manual
Fair The manual presents a discussion of definition and purposes, theoretical rationale, target populations and uses, and scoring instructions. Reliability evidence and the instrument’s history and development are also presented.

Validity
Fair Correlations with the ratings of six artists was .84. But in grade 7 the correlation with Art grades was .46. The correlations with observations of creative play among children in an English school where N=10 was .71. Validity is questionable based on th

Reliability
Fair Stability with 29 cases ages 4-6.5 over 60 to 110 days was .60. Inter-rater reliability was .99 based on 43 cases aged 3-6.5. Six judges rated each trial on 30 protocols correlating .84 with formal total scores. Again these data are promising but limited.

Utility
Good The measure is administered individually. It is untimed. Subjects are asked to use any of 48 colored geometric forms to make “something,” name it, and describe their work. Subjects make, name and describe 10 constructions. Scoring is based on the inclusion of elements basic to the creative endeavor.

Interpretation
Fair While norms are presented for ages 3-6, 9-10, and 15, this data is limited. Scores relate to productivity based on constructions and their names; communicability based on the degree to which the construction and name match; and the richness of thinking based on elaborations in action, color and embellishment.

Propriety
Good There is some question if the felt shapes are suitable for use by pre-k and kindergarten children and if they would appeal to older children grade 4 and up. Results indicate that age is associated with higher scores. No sex or racial differences were foun

Reviews & Related Lit
MMY #9, 1985: Vernon, P. E. “Though the authors should be congratulated on their initiative and their extended enquiries into generalizability and validity, it would be difficult to agree with them that the results justify calling the test ‘a valid measure of creativity.’ However …it is probably no worse, and possibly better than other tests available for 3- to 9-year-olds.” This is a promising concept. It is too bad that we have not heard of any follow-up. The manual reads like a dissertation, and while deserving of an in depth read by those in the field, it is not user friendly as a test manual. The one-on-one nature of the test makes it of questionable use as a screening tool. However it could serve as a placement tool after further research and development.

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