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Test Number 49
Title Personal Orientation Inventory
Author Shostrom, E. L.
Category Self-Report Inventory
Copyright Date 1974
Availability Contact publisher
Restrictions For use by counselors and therapists
Age/Grade Level H.S.-adult
Cost Specimen Set-$9; 25 booklets-$22; 50 answer sheets-$15.
Forms  
Source Educational and Industrial Testing Service
Address Box 7234 San Diego, CA 92107
Phone 1-800-416-1666
Fax 619-226-1666
web or e-mail http://www.edits.net/psych/poi.htm
Definition Based on Maslow’s concept of creativity as self-actualizing behavior.
Purposes Measures values and behavior seen to be important in the development of the self-actualizing person. Sub-scales include: self-actualizing, existentiality, feeling reactivity, spontaneity, self regard, self acceptance, nature of man, synergy, acceptance of
Characteristics Openness and Courage to Explore Ideas Listening to One's Inner Voice

Manual
Good Presented is a discussion of administration and scoring procedures, norms, interpretation of scores, validity, and reliability. References are cited.

Validity
Good The inventory significantly discriminated between clinically judged self-actualizing and non-self-actualizing groups on 11 of 12 scales. Concurrent validity was also established through a series of studies.

Reliability
Fair Stability, based on a sample of 48 college students over one week, ranged from .52 to .82.

Utility
Fair This measure can be administered to groups or individuals, untimed in about 30-40 minutes. Scoring is by hand locally (about 2 minutes) or by service. There are 150 items which take about 30 minutes to complete.

Interpretation
Good Norms are based on 2,067 entering college freshmen at Western and Midwestern liberal arts colleges. Percentile scales are provided. A detailed section on interpretation is provided in the manual.

Propriety
Fair There is consideration for proper application of the data.

Reviews & Related Lit
The manual cites 431 references. It is recommended for counseling and psychotherapeutic situations.


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