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Test Number 22
Title Creativity Attitude Survey
Author Schaefer, C. E.
Category Self-Report Inventory
Copyright Date  
Availability Contact author
Restrictions  
Age/Grade Level Grades 4-6
Cost Contact author
Forms  
Source Dr. Charles E. Schaefer
Address 540 Scarsdale Rd. Yonkers, NY 10707
Phone  
Fax  
web or e-mail  
Definition Factors of creativity include: confidence in own ideas, appreciation of fantasy, theoretical and aesthetic orientation, openness to impulse expression, and desire for novelty.
Purposes The purpose of this survey is to assess attitudes toward creative behaviors and oneself as a creative thinker, and to provide a tool for assessing the effectiveness of creativity training programs.
Characteristics Listening to One's Inner Voice Openness and Courage to Explore Ideas Digging Deeper into Ideas Generating Ideas

Manual
Fair The manual presents a discussion of target populations and uses, and validity and reliability evidence.

Validity
Fair The manual reports significant correlations with teacher identification of creativity in students. Pre and post training administrations yielded significant gains on the CAS after creativity training designed “to foster creative expression.”

Reliability
Fair After 5 weeks (N=31) stability was .61. Split-half correlations were .81 (N=31) and .75 (N=67). While these correlations seem promising the small sample size calls them into question.

Utility
Good There are 32 statements which are answered yes/no. Two statements are filler items. Directions are clear. Scoring is local by hand. Items are scored 1 to 0 depending on the response being judged as favorable to creativity.

Interpretation
Fair The higher scores from 0 to 30 indicate a more favorable attitude toward: confidence in own ideas; appreciation of fantasy; theoretical and aesthetic orientation; openness to impulse expression; desire for novelty. Norms are based on a very limited sample.

Propriety
Fair There are few differences noted in SES in the data. However, results for validity were limited to middle-class schools.

Reviews & Related Lit
TiP IV, 1994 CCL: Items seem weak in relation to current research and understanding of creativity and style. Some items seem based on style. Other items seem irrelevant. Schaefer, C. E. and Bridges, C. I. (1970). Development of a creativity attitude survey for children. Perceptual and Motor Skills , 31, 861-862 MMY # 8, 1978: Vernon, P. E. “The reviewer considers the test useful and fairly valid for the purpose … namely, for evaluating the effectiveness of programs…” Yamamoto, K. “Publication of this exploratory inventory must be characterized as premature …”


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